Early in 1943 the US Government (the War Relocation Authority) released a questionnaire for those men who were over 17 and interned. It was entitled “Statement of U.S. Citizenship of Japanese American Ancestry.” Within it were the following questions: Question #27 asked: “Are you willing to serve in the armed forces of the United States on combat duty, wherever ordered?” Question #28 asked: “Will you swear unqualified allegiances to the United States of America and faithfully defend the United States from any or all attack by foreign or domestic forces, and forswear any form of allegiance or obedience to the Japanese emperor, or other foreign government, power or organization?” More than 300 men across 10 internment camps refused to serve, answering No-No to Questions 27 and 28.
Explore the history of President Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066, which led to the internment of Japanese Americans. The National Museum of American History presents "Righting a Wrong: Japanese Americans and World War II."